Recall About our Fundamental Rights and Duties this 72nd Republic Day!

Published by : Step In college

Today, the nation celebrates its 72nd Republic Day. The Constitution was introduced in the country on this day in the year 1950. It is the constitution that allows us to experience the complete independence of our country. Often, in the event of injustice, human rights become our protection and grant us our rights, often many people are not afraid to give up their lives while doing their duty to others.However, it is also often seen that citizens follow their  will based on the considerations of fundamental rights, but when it comes to fulfilling their duty towards the government, not everyone can succeed in through this. On the occasion of republic day that is completion   of 71 years of the Constitution, let’s know about our rights and responsibilities.

72nd Republic Day | Fundamental Duties

Fundamental duties were incorporated in the Constitution on the advice of the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee pursuant to the 42nd amendment-1976 of the Constitution. This definition of fundamental duties is based on the Constitution of Russia. There are actually 11 fundamental duties referred to in Article 51(A), of which 10 have been added by means of the 42nd amendment, while the 11th fundamental duty has been added.

11 Fundamental Duties defined in our Constitution

  • To obey the Constitution and respect its values, institutions, national flags and national anthems.
  • Adhering to the high values that have motivated our national struggle for independence.
  • Maintain and protect the sovereignty, unity and dignity of India.
  • Protecting the country and representing the government when called upon to do so.
  • To build a sense of unity and common brotherhood among the citizens of India that goes beyond all types of discrimination on the basis of culture, language and region or religion. Renounce the practises that are against the dignity of women.
  • To respect and conserve the rich heritage of our society as a whole.
  • To preserve and enhance the natural environment, including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife
  • Build humanism, scientific perspective and a sense of learning and change.
  • Protecting public property and refraining from violence.
  • Strive for excellence in all fields of individual and collective action to ensure that the country continually achieves a high standard of achievement.
  • Provide educational opportunities for children between 6 and 14 years of age.

Fundamental Rights

The fundamental rights of the Constitution of India have been extracted from the Constitution of the United States. It is defined in Part 3 of the Constitution (Article 12 to Article 35). These rights may be modified and human rights, with the exception of the right to life and personal liberty, may be suspended during a national emergency (Article 352).  At first, the original constitution had seven fundamental rights, but after the 44th amendment of the Constitution (1979), the right to property (Article 31 to Article 19f) was excluded from the list of fundamental rights and added to the legal rights under Article 300(a) of the Constitution.

Indian citizens have fundamental rights acquired in the country:

Constitutional Rights

Article 32

Right to Culture and Education

Article 29 to 30

Right to religious freedom

Article 25 to 28

Right against exploitation

Article 23 to 24

Right to freedom

Article 19 to 22

Right to equality or equality

Article 14 to 18

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